Glossary

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Name Term description
Name Marble-cutter Term description

One who cuts blocks of marble

Name Marble-mason Term description

One who works in marble, probably for building stone

Name Marchant Term description

Buyer and seller of goods

Name Marchioness Term description

Wife of Marquis, second rank of nobility, above Countess and below Duchess

Name Marchioness dowager Term description

Wife of Marquis, second rank of nobility, above Countess and below Duchess

Name Marchmont herald Term description

Royal messenger, later member of Lyon Court

Name Mares/mairis Term description

A female horse. For more information, see our guide to agricultural produce and livestock.

Name Marikin-maker Term description

Producer of maroquin or Morocco leather

Name Marine officer Term description

Naval officer, or one in command of soldiers trained to fight on board ship

Name Marinell Term description

Sailor

Name Mariner Term description

Sailor, one who works on boats or ships

Name Marinkin-maker Term description

Producer of maroquin or Morocco leather

Name Mark or merk Term description

A silver coin worth 13 shillings 4 pence (or two-thirds of a pound) Scots, and therefore just over shilling sterling at the time of the Union; common also as a unit of valuation of land, as in 'the two merklands of ault extent of Glaur'.

Name Marquess Term description

Second rank of nobility, below Duke and above Earl

Name Marquis Term description

Second rank of nobility, below Duke and above Earl

Name Marriage contract Term description

A contract made between the husband or promised husband of a woman who was about to marry or just had, and her male relatives, settling the provision to be made for the wife or future wife. The idea was to improve on the legal rights of the wife or future wife and any children of the marriage, usually by the husband agreeing to grant them a liferent, or to grant the wife an annuity (the jointure), which would safeguard against any risk of the husband becoming insolvent. The contract could be made before marriage, when it was termed an 'ante-nuptial contract', or it could be 'post-nuptial' if made after. The ante-nuptial version gave the wife and children much stronger rights over the husband's estate should get into debt, because they would then be entitled to be considered as his creditors.

Name Marshall Term description

Officer of state or burgh, infantry army officer

Name Mason Term description

A person who works with stone

Name Masoun Term description

Worker in stone, builder

Name Master Term description

Teacher

Name Master cannoner Term description

One in charge of a team working a cannon, gunner

Name Master cunzeour Term description

Master coiner

Name Master cunzeour to the king Term description

Coiner

Name Master gunner Term description

One of a team manning a large gun in the army or the navy

Name Master household Term description

Senior servant in charge of a household